This treatment is renowned for its ability to heal problems related to the head and neck regions. Alzheimer's disease, migraine, certain psychosomatic diseases, headache, insomnia, mental illness, hyper tension etc. are some of the most common ailments treated using this method. In Thalapothichil, the person's scalp is completely covered with high value medicinal pastes. The healing properties of the herbs also calm down the nervous system and rejuvenates the person.
To start the treatment, the person sits on a chair, well relaxed. Selected medicinal herbs, thoroughly ground and made into fine paste, are then applied on to his/her scalp. The head is then covered up with leaves, usually banana leaves, to form a perfect mask. This is done to allow the medicines to stay on and function well. The mask remains on the person's head for almost 40 to 50 minutes giving wonderful relaxation to the mind. The effect of the medicines calms down the nerves, relieves mental tension, increases the person's memory power and improves his sleep pattern.